Cost Structure of Shipping a 40ft Container to USA from China Door to Door
The total door-to-door shipping cost from China to the USA is comprised of 3 parts, Origin costs + Sea freight + Destination costs
Origin costs are these fees incurred at origin, from factory to the port of loading, often covered by seller since FOB is the most common incoterm.
Truck fee: Pick up and deliver the container of goods from factory to port
Customs: customs clearance for cargo export
Booking fee: applied to each container booking in East China and North China, South China has no such fee
THC/ORC: THC stands for terminal handling charge; ORC stands for origin receiving charge. They two are actually the same thing, but at different prices. Ports that charge ORC charge no booking fee.
DOC: Shipping line documentation
Manifest: for customs
SEAL: container lock
EIR: Equipment Interchange Receipt
VGM: Verified Gross Mass
AMS: Automated Manifest System
Sea FreightSea Freight (ocean freight/sea shipping) is the port to port transport, and sometimes from a Chinese port to a US inland container terminal.
Destination costsDestination costs are charges incurred after arrival at POD, clearing and delivering the shipment to consignee.
Customs clearance: import clearance, shipment entry
ISF: Importer security filing
With continuous customs bond, clearance and ISF are cheaper. It’s suggested to obtain continuous bond when you are importing frequently or high value products.
Import duty: at actual cost
Truck fee: delivery from port to warehouse
Chassis fee: charge by day
Pier Pass, clean truck fee: For California
Pre-pull is recommended to avoid high demurrage cost, when consignee can’t receive the goods, or delivery can’t be done or there’s a holiday, but free storage time is out. It comes with cheaper storage fee.
Other fees may occur according to the specific situation and client’s requirements: chassis split, congestion, toll, warehousing, loading/offloading
Below is a clear illustration of shipping cost structure from China to the USA door to door, including offloading in warehouse.
|40ft container door to door shipping from China to the USA|
|Factory to port||Truck fee||2400||Pick-up/return Yangshan terminal|
|Port to port||Ocean freight||12000||ocean freight|
|US charges||Customs clearance||100||With continuous customs bond|
|ISF||35||With continuous customs bond|
|Chassis fee||240||USD80/day (effective from Dec 1)|
|Pier pass, clean truck fee||160|
|Subtotal||4865||14610||Subtotal in CNY and USD|
|TOTAL||$15,376.14||Total in USD|
|1. Valid till Dec 14
2. Import duty: at actual cost
3. Customs inspection fee at actual cost if it occurs
4. Waiting time: free 2 hour, USD95/H thereafter
5. Pre-pull: USD150 (if needed), coupled with storage fee USD50/day)
6. Insurance: Value×1.1×0.2% (optional)
7. Clearance fee: USD150 + (Value+duty)×0.5% (without continuous bond, min 65)
ISF: USD35+75 (without continuous bond)