What are the main functions of sea shipping

1. Marine cargo transportation is the main mode of international trade transportation
Although the international ocean cargo transportation has the disadvantages of low speed and high risk, its advantages such as large passing capacity, large volume, low freight, and strong adaptability to goods, coupled with the unique geographical conditions of the world, make it Become the main mode of transportation in international trade. 80% to 90% of the total volume of import and export cargo transportation in my country is carried out by ocean transportation. Due to the rise and development of container transportation, not only the development of cargo transportation in the direction of aggregation and rationalization, but also the saving of cargo packaging materials and transportation fees , Reduce cargo damage and cargo difference, ensure the quality of transportation, shorten the transportation time, and thus reduce the transportation cost.
2. Marine cargo transportation is one of the important channels for the country to save foreign exchange payments and increase foreign exchange income
In our country, freight expenses generally account for about 10% of total foreign trade imports and exports, especially for bulk cargo. If you make full use of international trade terms in trade and strive to send more ships to us, you will not only save foreign exchange payments, but also Can strive for more foreign exchange income. In particular, my country’s shipping capacity is invested in the international shipping market, and third-country transportation is actively carried out to create foreign exchange income for the country. Countries in the world, especially the developing countries along the coast, attach great importance to the establishment of their own ocean-going fleets and the development of marine cargo transportation. In some shipping developed countries, the income of foreign exchange freight has become an important pillar of the national economy of these countries.
3. The development of marine transportation is conducive to improving the country’s industrial structure and the structure of international trade export commodities
Ocean transportation is realized by the practice of nautical activities. The foundation of nautical activities is the shipbuilding industry, nautical technology and seafarers who master the technology. The shipbuilding industry is a comprehensive industry, and its development can drive the development of the iron and steel industry, shipbuilding equipment industry, and electronic instrumentation industry, and promote the improvement of the entire country's industrial structure. my country has gradually become a ship exporting country from the original ship importing country in recent years, and is becoming a major ship exporting country. Due to the continuous development of my country's navigation technology, the dispatch of crew labor services has attracted the attention of countries all over the world. With the development of the ocean transportation industry, my country’s ocean shipping fleet has entered the top 10 in the world, providing conditions for the large-scale shipbreaking industry in the future, not only providing cheap raw materials, saving energy and importing ore for the smelting of steel plants in my country. Consumption, and can export scrap steel for export. It can be seen that, due to the development of the marine transportation industry, it will not only improve the national industrial structure, but also improve the commodity structure in international trade.
4. The marine transportation fleet is an important reserve force for national defense
The ocean-going shipping fleet has always been used as a logistical transportation tool in wartime. The United States, Britain and other countries referred to the merchant fleet as: "the fourth service in addition to land, sea, and air." The merchant fleet of the former Soviet Union was also called the "shadow fleet" by Western countries. It can be seen that it plays a role in the victory or defeat of the war. Because ocean transportation occupies such an important position, countries all over the world attach great importance to the maritime shipping industry, protect it through legislation, support and subsidize funds, and give preferential treatment in terms of cargo loading.
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